Surgery and Skin Cancer
Dermatological surgery for benign and malignant lesions
Benign lesions are generally not a matter to concern. However these lesions may change or new ones may appear that make us suspect their malignancy.
Regarding the morphological characteristics of the moles, it is important to carry out a medical evaluation in order to rule out whether it is a benign lesion or has malignant characteristics.
For all the above, it is essential that the evaluation is carried out by a dermatologist to reach a correct diagnosis.
The prognosis of a person with some type of malignant lesion will depend on early detection. Especially in melanoma cases.
The lesion removal procedure is performed under local anesthesia, it is ambulatory and does not require prior preparation.
It can be taken on the entire skin surface.
Among benign lesions, the most frequent are moles, sebaceous cysts, lipomas, xanthelasmas, papillomas, widened scars (hypertrophic or keloid) and small congenital anomalies that usually are in ears, eyelids or breasts.
The malignant lesions that are most frequently operated on are: basal cell carcinomas, squamous cell carcinomas, melanomas, angiosarcomas, among others.
Cryosurgery. Use of liquid nitrogen to extract skin lesions.
Mohs micrographic surgery
Mohs surgery is used to treat the most common types of skin cancer: basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma, as well as some kinds of melanoma (lentigo malignant) and other more unusual types of skin cancer. Individual layers of cancerous tissue are removed, respecting healthy skin, and examined one by one under a microscope until all of the cancerous tissue has been removed. This allows skin cancer to be eliminated with less damage to the healthy skin around it.